Dwight D. Eisenhower was the World War II Allied Forces Supreme Commander in Europe who commanded the Allied Forces in the invasion against the Nazis. It was his superb leadership, planning and commanding ability that contributed to Allied success in World War II. He was also the 34th President of the United States, serving two terms of office from 1953 to 1961.
A Short Biography
Dwight D Eisenhower was born in Texas on October 14th, 1890. He was the third of seven sons in the family.
At the age of 20, he applied to the Naval Academy but was rejected for being over the acceptable age of entry. Instead, he went to the military academy at West Point and graduated in 1915.
During World War I, he served as the number three leader of the new tank corps. He was promoted to Major after the war and was posted to Maryland where he remained until 1922.
When America started to take action against the Axis Forces during World War II, Eisenhower was assigned to design war plans against Japan and Germany. He was promoted to senior command very quickly because of his outstanding administrative and organizational ability.
On December 20th, 1944, Eisenhower was promoted to General of the Army. He exhibited outstanding leadership abilities during this appointment, winning the respect of the men serving under him as well as the admiration of his ally, Winston Churchill.
After the war, he took on the office of President of the United States from 1953 to 1961. During his two terms, his many notable achievements include championing the development of the Interstate Highway System, the Eisenhower Doctrine, and ending the Korean War.
In September of 1955, Eisenhower experienced his first health scare, suffering a heart attack that required several weeks of hospitalization. Eisenhower died of congestive heart failure on March 28th, 1969 in Washington D.C.
He is considered by many contemporary Western scholars to be one of the greatest U.S. Presidents.
- Planning is part of success
As a military leader, Eisenhower never underestimated the importance of planning and preparation. His experience taught him that war is chaotic and unpredictable, and that the way to victory was to be prepared for as many eventualities as possible.
If you want to succeed in what you do, planning is crucial. Plan schedules, deadlines and contingencies so that you will always be focused and purposeful in your execution. Your team will be more willing to trust and respect you if you have a well-thought out plan.
- Lead by persuasion
Eisenhower won the respect of his subordinates and allies because of the diplomatic nature of his leadership. He led by persuasion instead of using his position to force people to do things out of fear.
Using persuasion can be a very effective style of leadership. People follow and help you because they want to, not because they have to.
Ask yourself what the other person can get by helping you achieve your goal, and help them realize this conclusion. Your team will achieve common goals thanks to their passion and sense of responsibility, and you will reap far better results.
- Don’t let anger cloud your judgment
Eisenhower famously said, “Anger cannot win. It cannot even think clearly.” It was his mother that changed the way he looked at anger, after an outburst he had as a ten-year old child. His mother told him that hating or being angry at someone only hurt one’s self; that often the other person didn’t care or even know about the anger. After reflecting on this, Eisenhower resolved to rid himself of this useless vice, and save his energy for thinking clearly.
If your decisions are clouded with anger or negative thoughts, it might help to try one of Eisenhower’s anger management techniques, such as ‘the drawer’: “I used to follow a practice–somewhat contrived, I admit–to write the man’s name on a piece of paper, drop it into the lowest drawer of my desk, and say to myself: ‘That finishes the incident, and so far as I’m concerned, that fellow.’”
Quotes from Dwight Eisenhower
“The one quality that can be developed by studious reflection and practice is the leadership of men.”
“History does not long entrust the care of freedom to the weak or the timid.”
“Humility must always be the portion of any man who receives acclaim earned in the blood of his followers and the sacrifices of his friends.”
“I would rather try to persuade a man to go along, because once I have persuaded him, he will stick. If I scare him, he will stay just as long as he is scared, and then he is gone.”
“In preparing for battle I have always found that plans are useless, but planning is indispensable.”
“Leadership is the art of getting someone else to do something you want done because he wants to do it.”
“Our real problem, then, is not our strength today; it is rather the vital necessity of action today to ensure our strength tomorrow.”
“The supreme quality for leadership is unquestionably integrity. Without it, no real success is possible, no matter whether it is on a section gang, a football field, in an army, or in an office.”
“What counts is not necessarily the size of the dog in the fight – it’s the size of the fight in the dog.”
“‘Worry’ is a word that I don’t allow myself to use.”